Only One God
The cornerstone of Islam is “Tawhid”, i.e. Monotheism. “Tawhid” means belief in only one God and that existence in general– among other things the order of nature–is a manifestation of His grand design, as well as turning to God in prayer and glorification, away from worshipping any other.
The first article of faith is:
“La ilaha, illa-llah” (There is no God but Allah.)
And the first step towards Islam:
“Ashhadu an la ilaha illa-llah” (I testify that there is no God beside Allah.)
Not only my tongue but also my heart and inner light all proclaim that there is no other than the Creator of the world who is worthy of adoration.
All the other teachings of Islam are founded upon this and have their sources here. Accordingly Islam proclaimed monotheism to be the path to salvation:
“Qulu la ilaha illa-llah, tuflihu” (Say: There is no God but Allah, and thereby you will attain salvation.)
This means: Say and act sincerely, and believe with all your heart that apart from the only Creator of the world there is nothing worthy of adoration and this shall be your path to salvation.
Correct Knowledge of God
Islam has attached importance, more than anything else, to the proper knowledge of God, free from any aberration. It is chiefly here that Islam is outstanding. Consequently, in the course of my talk will have to be a basis for your future acquaintance with Islam, I shall attend to this feature.
The Invisible God
The only God to whom Islam invites everyone is inaccessible to the senses. He is beyond the reach of eyesight nor is He open to touch.
Koran says in this respect:
“No vision can grasp Him but His grasp is over all vision. He is above all comprehension yet Omniscient.” (6:103)
Vision does not penetrate beyond colour and figure but God has neither one nor the other . His glory is beyond the reach of vision and other senses in general.
God Unlike Anything Else
We generally have a mental picture of things we know, for example: flowers and fruits, hills and dales, sun , moon and stars and human being as well. But what about God? Can we also form an image of Him?
Because our notions are a result of our experiences, or constructions out of our experiences or of analysis carried on by our restless mind, yet having their roots in things we have come to know through our senses.
In this respect Koran says:
“The Creator of the heavens and of the earth. He has created pairs of yourselves as well as pairs of the animals-thereby He multiplies you.
Nothing is like onto Him and He is the All-hearing, the All -seeing.” (42:11)
Yes , God can be represented neither in form of a painting nor a statue. He can also not be conceived.
God, The Omniscient, The Mighty
On various occasions, Koran mentions different and absolute attributes for God:
“He is the Creator, the Omniscient, the All-hearing , the All-seeing, the All-guiding, the Supporter, the Forbearer, the Amiable, the Always-forgiving, the Self-sufficient…
a God who knows our most secret thoughts, Listens to the prayers of all His servants, grants each and everyone his due; a God who is nearer and more gracious to us than any other being.”
Has God Any Children?
Among these erroneous ideas is the notion that God has children. There are people who believe that Jesus-peace be with him- is the son of God. There have also been people and perhaps there still are, who fancy that angels are God’s daughters.
In this respect the Holy Koran says:
“… And they falsely, having no knowledge, attributed to Him sons and daughters. Praise and glory to Him!
He is far above whatever they attributed to Him. The Creator of the heavens and the earth, wherefrom could He have a child, when He has no consort?
And He has created everything and knows everything. That is God , your Lord! There is no God but He, the Creator of all things. Then worship Him and He is the Guardian of all things.” (6:100-103)
“And they say: ‘Allah begot a son.
Praise and glory be to Him! Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on the earth, everything renders worship to Him.” (2:116)
The Koran warns us against considering angels and apostles as God’s offspring. They are His bondsmen, though admittedly eminent among them. But by no means may they be considered as His children. Adam, Noah, Abraham, Lot, Hud, Saleh, Ismael, Isaac, Jacob, Shoaib, Moses Joshua, Enoch, John, Jesus, Mohammad, and the other apostles are like us in so far as they are men and God’s servants. He has created them as He has created others. Should those who say that Jesus is God’s son mean that God is a father as we are to our children, then their characterisation of Him is improper.
God is elevated above such immature fancies. On the other hand, if they mean something different they should use a different notion to express it, rather than the misleading term “Son of God”
The martyr Ayatollah Dr. Beheshti. “ISLAMIC CODE OF BEHAIVIOUR” published by The Islamic Center of Hamburg. I.P.O., International Relation Dept., 4th Ed. 1991, (1411 A.H.)